Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050: Strategic General Report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Press:Springer Springer; 1 edition (November 23, 2009)
Publication Date:2009-11-23
Edition:1st Edition


China’s modernization is viewed as a transformative revolution in the human history of modernization. 
As such, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) decided to give higher priority to the research on the science and technology (S&T) roadmap for priority areas in China’s modernization process.
What is the purpose? And why is it? Is it a must? I think those are substantial and signifcant questions to start things forward.
Significance of the Research on China’s S&T Roadmap to 2050 We are aware that the National Mid- and Long-term S&T Plan to 2020 has already been formed afer two years’ hard work by a panel of over 2000 experts and scholars brought together from all over China, chaired by Premier Wen Jiabao.
Tis clearly shows that China has already had its S&T blueprint to 2020.
Ten, why did CAS conduct this research on China’s S&T roadmap to 2050? In the summer of 2007 when CAS was working out its future strategic priorities for S&T development, it realized that some issues, such as energy, must be addressed with a long-term view.
As a matter of fact, some strategic researches have been conducted, over the last 15 years, on energy, but mainly on how to best use of coal, how to best exploit both domestic and international oil and gas resources, and how to develop nuclear energy in a discreet way.
Renewable energy was, of course, included but only as a supplementary energy.


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  •     This handsome softcover book has just been released by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and is published in the West by Springer. Editor-in-Chief Yongziang Lu and his team deserve great credit for making this strategic general report available in English, soon after its publication in China.The CAS plays a central role in natural sciences in China; thus they took the lead in following up on their government's National Mid- and Long-Term S&T Plan to 2020, released in 2006. Of course, command economies have had lots of practice in planning, a talent still useful in today's more market-oriented economy. With great effort, and much controversy, Western countries might be able to produce a five- or ten-year plan for S&T; the Chinese now have one for the next 40 years. Indeed, the book takes a typically Chinese longer view; its treatment of the history of scientific revolutions reaches back centuries. One thesis is that the Great Recession of 2008-9 might catalyze the next S&T revolution, as similar financial crises have done in the past. Since this worldwide cataclysm coincided with China's emergence as challenger to Western leadership in economic and S&T strength, there there is some suggestion that the next revolution may see China become the next "world science center," following Italy, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA in succession. In the end they predict that there will be multiple centers, and this roadmap is designed to ensure that China is one of them.The roadmap follows standard methods; identification of areas of focus (none surprising), characteristics of the areas, objectives for their progress, and research agendas that could achieve that progress. The plan recognizes that currently "As to S&T development, China is generally a follower and imitator." To move toward their goal, "an innovation-driven country with Chinese characteristics," China must continue to be open to best ideas from abroad, but "original innovation is the source of a country's international competitiveness. Key technologies of strategic importance can never be bought from the outside world."I think that it's time that the US learned from the Chinese that long range planning can help guide a nation's efforts toward great objectives, including leadership in science and technology; China's meteoric progress speaks for itself. The new Obama innovation plan requires much more detailed implementation planning, and this Chinese roadmap could be a reasonable model. Our National Academy of Sciences doesn't have the bulk of the CAS, with its hundreds of research institutes, but it does have the intellectual power to plan at least as effectively.

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