Press: Springer (January 15, 1998)
Author Name:Xu, Jian-Jun; Haken, H.;
For the last several years, the study of interfacial instability and pattern formation phenomena has preoccupied many researchers in the broad area of nonlinear science.
These phenomena occur in a variety of dynamical sys tems far from equilibrium.
In many practically very important physical sys tems some fascinating patterns are always displayed at the interface between solid and liquid or between two liquids.
Two prototypes of these phenomena are dendrite growth in solidification and viscous fingering in a Hele-Shaw cell.
These two phenomena occur in completely different scientific fields, but both are described by similar nonlinear free boundary problems of partial differential-equation systems; the boundary conditions on the interface for both cases contain a curvature operator involving the surface tension, which is nonlinear.
Moreover, both cases raise the same challenging theoretical is sues, interfacial instability mechanisms and pattern selection, and it is now found that these issues can be solved by the same analytical approach.
Thus, these two phenomena are regarded as special examples of a class of nonlinear pattern formation phenomena in nature, and they are the prominent topics of the new interdisciplinary field of nonlinear science.
This research monograph is based on a series of lectures I have given at McGill University, Canada (1993-1994), Northwestern Poly technical In stitute, China (1994), Aachen University, Germany (1994), and the CRM summer school at Banff, Alberta, Canada (1995).
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