The Trial and Death of Socrates: By Plato

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Press: IndoEuropeanPublishing.com (July 21, 2009)
ISBN:9781604440546
Author Name:Plato
Pages:226
Language:English

Content

The trial of Socrates refers to the trial and the subsequent execution of the Athenian philosopher Socrates in 399 BC. 
Socrates was tried and convicted by the courts of democratic Athens on a charge of corrupting the youth and disbelieving in the ancestral gods.
The trial was described by two of Socrates' contemporaries, Plato and Xenophon, and is one of the most famous trials of all time.
The trial, last days, and death of Socrates are presented in this volume through four works of Plato.
These works are the Euthyphro, Apology (i.e.
Defense Speech), Crito and Phaedo (Socrates' Death scene) .

Tags

History,Ancient Civilizations,Greece,Politics & Social Sciences,Philosophy,Greek & Roman,Ethics & Morality



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Comment List (Total:15)

  •     nice book!
  •     The Trial and Death of Socrates, by Plato, is a timeless piece dealing with themes that are applicable to the generations of then, now and those to come. Written in the classic, observant, style of Plato, the book is a compilation of four dialogues that the main character, Socrates, engages in at various times with different people. Each dialogue is didactic in style and although they don't always end conclusively, they do provoke one to reflect upon that which is discussed. Throughout the book Socrates deals with such subjects as pious versus the impious, wise versus the unwise, and just versus the unjust. The book is set in Athens, in the year 399 B.C.E., and is written so that each section revolves around Socrates' trial as described in the section entitled "The Apology". The book focuses much attention on the trial in which Socrates is being tried for corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods recognized by the state. Aside from the philosophical side of Socrates, the reader is also introduced to his family and friends, thus observing the person who Socrates really was. Many readers are introduced to various sections of this book at some point in their education, yet those who never read the entire book miss altogether the importance of the relationships that Socrates has with others. It is through study of these relationships that the reader begins to view Socrates as a real human and develop a sympathetic connection with him. While the conversations are occasionally difficult to follow, the thoughts and philosophies of Socrates are profound and worth the invested time to understand. Each debate that Socrates partakes in introduces to the reader a new piece of knowledge or moral question to ponder. It is through the answers to these questions that the reader reaps the true benefit of tackling The Death and Trial of Socrates. Wisdom gained is worth more than the time invested.
  •     Socrates Rules!
  •     Well pleased! Thanks.
  •     This is where it all starts. Come on why even bother reviewing
  •     For me it started pretty slow and felt elementary, but it ended up being a long-winded way to illustrate someone who refused to abandon his well-thought out convictions.
  •     I purchased this book for a class, and it was a very good read! It wasn't too hard to understand and was actually pretty interesting!
  •     great product and very fast delivery A+++
  •     Interesting reading!
  •     Needed for class
  •     Great product and seller
  •     Buyer beware: this version contains only the final "death scene" from Phaedo, not the full text. The other texts (Euthyphro, Apology, Crito) are complete. I can't speak for the faithfulness of the translation, but I prefer Jowett's translation to Grube's. For instance, Jowett opens Apology thus:"How you, O Athenians, have been affected by my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that they almost made me forget who I was--so persuasively did they speak; and yet they have hardly uttered a word of truth. But of the many falsehoods told by them, there was one which quite amazed me--I mean when they said that you should be on your guard and not allow yourselves to be deceived by the force of my eloquence. To say this, when they were certain to be detected as soon as I opened my lips and proved myself to be anything but a great speaker, did indeed appear to me most shameless--unless by force of eloquence they mean the force of truth; for if such is their meaning, I admit that I am eloquent. But in how different a way from theirs!"Now Grube:"I do not know, men of Athens, how my accusers have affected you; as for myself, I was almost carried away in spite of myself, so persuasively did they speak. And yet, hardly anything of what they said is true. Of the many lies they told, one in particular surprised me, namely that you should be careful not to be deceived by an accomplished speaker like me. That they were not ashamed to be immediately proved wrong by the facts, when I show myself not to be an accomplished speaker at all, that I thought most shameless on their part--unless indeed they call an accomplished speaker the man who speaks the truth. If they mean that, I would agree that I am an orator, but not after their manner..."I know I sound like a King James purist, but the Jowett translation feels more poetic to me, perhaps in part due its mere familiarity or its more antiquated language. Secondly, taking the passage above, it seems to me that Socrates' humor is lost in the Grube translation--the joke about his accusers speaking so persuasively that he almost forgot who he was almost disappears and seems diluted by trite, modern colloquialisms like "carried away" and "in spite of myself," and by such an emotionally-charged and presumptuously accusatory term as "lies" (which seems out-of-character for Socrates and singularly unphilosophical). Thirdly, I think Grube does a disservice to Plato, and to his figure of Socrates, by having the latter state in simple terms that he "speaks the truth," which (by its apparent preposterous arrogance) is apt to mislead and preemptively repulse readers who are new to Plato and new to philosophy. Socrates (Plato's Socrates anyway) was a skeptic and consistently denied any positive knowledge of "the truth". His pursuit of wisdom consisted largely in helping to discover error in the supposed reasoning of others who themselves arrogantly claimed to possess and dispense wisdom. And whatever "truth" was discovered in this negative sense, Socrates did not claim credit for it, but attributed its source to forms existing independently of himself and to a sort of guiding spirit within all human beings (similar to common notions of "reason" and "conscience", if blended together) that he merely served to facilitate. Jowett captures, or at least allows for, this nuanced way of seeing things by speaking instead of "the force of truth," as if it were some irresistible force of nature akin to gravity or mathematics, which any person might utilize but no person might own.I purchased this book for a young man with an incipient interest in philosophy and now I am hesitant to give it to him, lest it turn him away by causing him to judge it dismissively from the start.
  •     For those of you who must have it all, buy PLATO COMPLETE WORKS, edited by John M. Cooper. Personally, I would save your [money] and just buy this. I have read and reviewed many other Platonic texts, but I really don't think you need anything else. This is the irreducible core of Platonic Goodness.THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF SOCRATES is a compilation four dialogues: the "Euthyphro," the "Apology," "Crito," and the "Phaedo". As the title clearly states, these four dialogues convey the story - and philosophical debate - that surrounded Socates' trial and death. In these dialogues we find Socrates defending the righteousness of his actions and views, and tearing away at his prosecutors with the skill of expert lawyer. His only weapon being the truth.In spite of, or perhaps because these four dialogues were written while Plato was still a middle-aged man (as opposed to the "Republic" and the "Laws," which are thought to be his more formulated philosophical expressions), they absolutely sizzle. The text bleeds with life, and so-called Socratic method of endless penetrating questions is here exemplified in the most dire of occasions - Socrates defense against the State of Athens.It is in these dialogues that Plato expresses the core of philosopohy: a committment to truth, beauty and justice, and the the supreme tenent: "The unexamined life is not worth living." That said, if you still yearn for more Plato after reading these dialogues, grab a copy of Allan Bloom's translation of THE REPUBLIC. It is currently the best English translation available, and you will still be saving [money] over an edition of Plato's complete works.
  •     This is a must for anyone who is interested in the writings of Plato and what little we know about Socrates. The footnotes provide excellent refrences to phrases, gods and place names that the average reader may not be familiar with.
  •     Great quality and arrived quickly!

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