Proceedings of the annual meeting Volume 33

Press: (May 11, 2012)
Author Name:Society, New Jersey State


This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. 
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher.
Not indexed.
Not illustrated.
1908 Excerpt: ...trees and they are just beginning to bear fruit, you find one dead tree after another; you take them up and you find that the scion has outgrown the stock.
You will find that the stock is not more than half the diameter of the scion.
Consequently, the circulation of the sap is stopped and the trees dies.
That fault lies with the wholesale nurserymen growing them on the wrong kind of stock.
Two or three years ago I wrote to several experiment stations and to a few growers, and some of the growers admitted, and some would not, that they were growing them on the wrong kind of stock.
At one experiment station, a professor, who had experimented along that line with different stocks for several years, wrote me that he thought the nurserymen were doing an injury to the fruit growers by propagating sweet cherries on the wrong stock.
They get a nice, big, thrifty tree in two years that will sell well, but after that tree is planted, the grower will find that in five or six years the tree is dead, just when he expects a nice crop of cherries.
I would plant sour cherries eighteen to twenty feet apart, giving plenty of room.
The orchard should have good, clean cultivation from early spring, as soon as the ground is plowed, until the crop is ready to harvest, and after it is harvested, cultivation should go on until at least the first or middle of August.
A Member--What stock do you recommend? Mr.
Morgan--The Mazzard stock for sweet cherries.
A Member--How about pie cherries? Mr.
Morgan--Mahaleb stock.
I might say, when I planted this orchard of sour cherries, about twothirds were on Mahaleb stock and the rest on Mazzard.
Black--I can give Mr.
Morgan a trade secret.
I have been irt the nursery business from the time I was eleven years old until a year ago last sprin...

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