Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian & Archæological Society Volume 15

Press: (May 11, 2012)
Author Name:Society, Cumberland And Westmorland


This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. 
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher.
Not indexed.
Not illustrated.
1898 Excerpt: ...mills we may pass to another form of domestic mill, which was in common use in these districts when every statesman brewed at his farm steading the ale for home consumption.
Malt mills appear however to have varied in construction, but the ordinary type which may be seen attached to the beams in many a farm house loft, is of much less interest than that shewn in Fig.
The value of this example, which is in a barn belonging to Mr.
George Browne of Town End, Troutbeck, is twofold.
First, it is a dated example, for in an account book kept by one of Mr.
Browne's ancestors, we find the note: r7if Jan 5 Bryan Wildman making my hand mill £100 and second, it is a true stone mill like the quern with upper and nether stones, and manipulated by hand; although the machinery to effect this is infinitely more advanced than that of the simple quern.
The illustration will serve to explain the mechanism of this type of malt mill better than description.
Upon a Anderson's " Scotland in Pagan Times." (The Iron Age), p.
stout stout wooden frame work, 4 feet in height, is placed the nether mill stone, which has a diameter of 2 feet, and a thickness of 4 inches.
Passing through the middle of the framework is an axis with handles at either end, and upon this axis is a large flat wheel, 32 inches in diameter, having cogs on one side which work in and cause to revolve the staves or rounds of the trundle.
The trundle itself rests on a bridge tree crossing the framework at right angles to the axis: and the centre upright within the trundle is the spindle, which passes through the hole in the nether mill stone and fits into the iron mill-rynd which is secured to the upper or running mill stone.
When therefore the handles are turned, the cogs cause the trundle t...

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